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fixdep.c

/*
 * "Optimize" a list of dependencies as spit out by gcc -MD
 * for the kernel build
 * ===========================================================================
 *
 * Author       Kai Germaschewski
 * Copyright    2002 by Kai Germaschewski  <kai.germaschewski@gmx.de>
 *
 * This software may be used and distributed according to the terms
 * of the GNU General Public License, incorporated herein by reference.
 *
 *
 * Introduction:
 *
 * gcc produces a very nice and correct list of dependencies which
 * tells make when to remake a file.
 *
 * To use this list as-is however has the drawback that virtually
 * every file in the kernel includes autoconf.h.
 *
 * If the user re-runs make *config, autoconf.h will be
 * regenerated.  make notices that and will rebuild every file which
 * includes autoconf.h, i.e. basically all files. This is extremely
 * annoying if the user just changed CONFIG_HIS_DRIVER from n to m.
 *
 * So we play the same trick that "mkdep" played before. We replace
 * the dependency on autoconf.h by a dependency on every config
 * option which is mentioned in any of the listed prequisites.
 *
 * kconfig populates a tree in include/config/ with an empty file
 * for each config symbol and when the configuration is updated
 * the files representing changed config options are touched
 * which then let make pick up the changes and the files that use
 * the config symbols are rebuilt.
 *
 * So if the user changes his CONFIG_HIS_DRIVER option, only the objects
 * which depend on "include/linux/config/his/driver.h" will be rebuilt,
 * so most likely only his driver ;-)
 *
 * The idea above dates, by the way, back to Michael E Chastain, AFAIK.
 *
 * So to get dependencies right, there are two issues:
 * o if any of the files the compiler read changed, we need to rebuild
 * o if the command line given to the compile the file changed, we
 *   better rebuild as well.
 *
 * The former is handled by using the -MD output, the later by saving
 * the command line used to compile the old object and comparing it
 * to the one we would now use.
 *
 * Again, also this idea is pretty old and has been discussed on
 * kbuild-devel a long time ago. I don't have a sensibly working
 * internet connection right now, so I rather don't mention names
 * without double checking.
 *
 * This code here has been based partially based on mkdep.c, which
 * says the following about its history:
 *
 *   Copyright abandoned, Michael Chastain, <mailto:mec@shout.net>.
 *   This is a C version of syncdep.pl by Werner Almesberger.
 *
 *
 * It is invoked as
 *
 *   fixdep <depfile> <target> <cmdline>
 *
 * and will read the dependency file <depfile>
 *
 * The transformed dependency snipped is written to stdout.
 *
 * It first generates a line
 *
 *   cmd_<target> = <cmdline>
 *
 * and then basically copies the .<target>.d file to stdout, in the
 * process filtering out the dependency on autoconf.h and adding
 * dependencies on include/config/my/option.h for every
 * CONFIG_MY_OPTION encountered in any of the prequisites.
 *
 * It will also filter out all the dependencies on *.ver. We need
 * to make sure that the generated version checksum are globally up
 * to date before even starting the recursive build, so it's too late
 * at this point anyway.
 *
 * The algorithm to grep for "CONFIG_..." is bit unusual, but should
 * be fast ;-) We don't even try to really parse the header files, but
 * merely grep, i.e. if CONFIG_FOO is mentioned in a comment, it will
 * be picked up as well. It's not a problem with respect to
 * correctness, since that can only give too many dependencies, thus
 * we cannot miss a rebuild. Since people tend to not mention totally
 * unrelated CONFIG_ options all over the place, it's not an
 * efficiency problem either.
 *
 * (Note: it'd be easy to port over the complete mkdep state machine,
 *  but I don't think the added complexity is worth it)
 */
/*
 * Note 2: if somebody writes HELLO_CONFIG_BOOM in a file, it will depend onto
 * CONFIG_BOOM. This could seem a bug (not too hard to fix), but please do not
 * fix it! Some UserModeLinux files (look at arch/um/) call CONFIG_BOOM as
 * UML_CONFIG_BOOM, to avoid conflicts with /usr/include/linux/autoconf.h,
 * through arch/um/include/uml-config.h; this fixdep "bug" makes sure that
 * those files will have correct dependencies.
 */

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>

#define INT_CONF ntohl(0x434f4e46)
#define INT_ONFI ntohl(0x4f4e4649)
#define INT_NFIG ntohl(0x4e464947)
#define INT_FIG_ ntohl(0x4649475f)

char *target;
char *depfile;
char *cmdline;

static void usage(void)
{
      fprintf(stderr, "Usage: fixdep <depfile> <target> <cmdline>\n");
      exit(1);
}

/*
 * Print out the commandline prefixed with cmd_<target filename> :=
 */
static void print_cmdline(void)
{
      printf("cmd_%s := %s\n\n", target, cmdline);
}

char * str_config  = NULL;
int    size_config = 0;
int    len_config  = 0;

/*
 * Grow the configuration string to a desired length.
 * Usually the first growth is plenty.
 */
static void grow_config(int len)
{
      while (len_config + len > size_config) {
            if (size_config == 0)
                  size_config = 2048;
            str_config = realloc(str_config, size_config *= 2);
            if (str_config == NULL)
                  { perror("fixdep:malloc"); exit(1); }
      }
}



/*
 * Lookup a value in the configuration string.
 */
static int is_defined_config(const char * name, int len)
{
      const char * pconfig;
      const char * plast = str_config + len_config - len;
      for ( pconfig = str_config + 1; pconfig < plast; pconfig++ ) {
            if (pconfig[ -1] == '\n'
            &&  pconfig[len] == '\n'
            &&  !memcmp(pconfig, name, len))
                  return 1;
      }
      return 0;
}

/*
 * Add a new value to the configuration string.
 */
static void define_config(const char * name, int len)
{
      grow_config(len + 1);

      memcpy(str_config+len_config, name, len);
      len_config += len;
      str_config[len_config++] = '\n';
}

/*
 * Clear the set of configuration strings.
 */
static void clear_config(void)
{
      len_config = 0;
      define_config("", 0);
}

/*
 * Record the use of a CONFIG_* word.
 */
static void use_config(char *m, int slen)
{
      char s[PATH_MAX];
      char *p;

      if (is_defined_config(m, slen))
          return;

      define_config(m, slen);

      memcpy(s, m, slen); s[slen] = 0;

      for (p = s; p < s + slen; p++) {
            if (*p == '_')
                  *p = '/';
            else
                  *p = tolower((int)*p);
      }
      printf("    $(wildcard include/config/%s.h) \\\n", s);
}

static void parse_config_file(char *map, size_t len)
{
      int *end = (int *) (map + len);
      /* start at +1, so that p can never be < map */
      int *m   = (int *) map + 1;
      char *p, *q;

      for (; m < end; m++) {
            if (*m == INT_CONF) { p = (char *) m  ; goto conf; }
            if (*m == INT_ONFI) { p = (char *) m-1; goto conf; }
            if (*m == INT_NFIG) { p = (char *) m-2; goto conf; }
            if (*m == INT_FIG_) { p = (char *) m-3; goto conf; }
            continue;
      conf:
            if (p > map + len - 7)
                  continue;
            if (memcmp(p, "CONFIG_", 7))
                  continue;
            for (q = p + 7; q < map + len; q++) {
                  if (!(isalnum(*q) || *q == '_'))
                        goto found;
            }
            continue;

      found:
            if (!memcmp(q - 7, "_MODULE", 7))
                  q -= 7;
            if( (q-p-7) < 0 )
                  continue;
            use_config(p+7, q-p-7);
      }
}

/* test is s ends in sub */
static int strrcmp(char *s, char *sub)
{
      int slen = strlen(s);
      int sublen = strlen(sub);

      if (sublen > slen)
            return 1;

      return memcmp(s + slen - sublen, sub, sublen);
}

static void do_config_file(char *filename)
{
      struct stat st;
      int fd;
      void *map;

      fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY);
      if (fd < 0) {
            fprintf(stderr, "fixdep: ");
            perror(filename);
            exit(2);
      }
      fstat(fd, &st);
      if (st.st_size == 0) {
            close(fd);
            return;
      }
      map = mmap(NULL, st.st_size, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);
      if ((long) map == -1) {
            perror("fixdep: mmap");
            close(fd);
            return;
      }

      parse_config_file(map, st.st_size);

      munmap(map, st.st_size);

      close(fd);
}

static void parse_dep_file(void *map, size_t len)
{
      char *m = map;
      char *end = m + len;
      char *p;
      char s[PATH_MAX];

      p = strchr(m, ':');
      if (!p) {
            fprintf(stderr, "fixdep: parse error\n");
            exit(1);
      }
      memcpy(s, m, p-m); s[p-m] = 0;
      printf("deps_%s := \\\n", target);
      m = p+1;

      clear_config();

      while (m < end) {
            while (m < end && (*m == ' ' || *m == '\\' || *m == '\n'))
                  m++;
            p = m;
            while (p < end && *p != ' ') p++;
            if (p == end) {
                  do p--; while (!isalnum(*p));
                  p++;
            }
            memcpy(s, m, p-m); s[p-m] = 0;
            if (strrcmp(s, "include/generated/autoconf.h") &&
                strrcmp(s, "arch/um/include/uml-config.h") &&
                strrcmp(s, ".ver")) {
                  printf("  %s \\\n", s);
                  do_config_file(s);
            }
            m = p + 1;
      }
      printf("\n%s: $(deps_%s)\n\n", target, target);
      printf("$(deps_%s):\n", target);
}

static void print_deps(void)
{
      struct stat st;
      int fd;
      void *map;

      fd = open(depfile, O_RDONLY);
      if (fd < 0) {
            fprintf(stderr, "fixdep: ");
            perror(depfile);
            exit(2);
      }
      fstat(fd, &st);
      if (st.st_size == 0) {
            fprintf(stderr,"fixdep: %s is empty\n",depfile);
            close(fd);
            return;
      }
      map = mmap(NULL, st.st_size, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);
      if ((long) map == -1) {
            perror("fixdep: mmap");
            close(fd);
            return;
      }

      parse_dep_file(map, st.st_size);

      munmap(map, st.st_size);

      close(fd);
}

static void traps(void)
{
      static char test[] __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(int)))) = "CONF";
      int *p = (int *)test;

      if (*p != INT_CONF) {
            fprintf(stderr, "fixdep: sizeof(int) != 4 or wrong endianess? %#x\n",
                  *p);
            exit(2);
      }
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
      traps();

      if (argc != 4)
            usage();

      depfile = argv[1];
      target = argv[2];
      cmdline = argv[3];

      print_cmdline();
      print_deps();

      return 0;
}

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